Kenneth R. Westphal

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin–Madison, USA

+90 (212) 359 6832

Research Interests: 
Epistemology, Moral Philosophy Justificatory Reasoning in Non-Formal Domains; Realism & Anti-Realism; Pragmatic Realism, Modern Philosophy; History & Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Education; Aesthetics



How Hume & Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 2016.

Hegel’s Civic Republicanism: Integrating Natural Law with Kant’s Moral Constructivsm. Oxon & New York: Routledge, 2020. (Published November 2019)

Kant’s Transcendental Proof of Realism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Kant’s Critical Epistemology: Why Epistemology must put Judgment First. Oxon & New York: Routledge, 2020 (at press).

Grounds of Pragmatic Realism: Hegel’s Internal Critique & Transformation of Kant’s Critical Philosophy. Leiden: Brill, 2018.


Realism, Science & Pragmatism. Oxon & New York: Routledge, 2014.

The Blackwell Guide to Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Co-editor, with M.F. Bykova, The Palgrave Hegel Handbook. Houndsmill: Palgrave (Springer Nature), 2020 (at press).

Co-translator, with Frederick Rauscher, I. Kant, Lectures and Drafts on Political Philosophy. In: The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Some recent articles:

‘Modern Moral Epistemology’. In: A. Zimmerman, K. Jones & M. Timmons, eds., The Routledge Handbook on Moral Epistemology (2019), 254–273.

‘Epistemology, Cognitive (In)Capacities & Thought Experiments’. In: M.T. Stuart, J.R. Brown & Y. Fehige, eds., The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments (Oxon & New York: Routledge, 2018), 128–149.

‘Identifying & Justifying Moral Norms: Necessary Basics’. In: P. Capps & S.D. Pattinson, eds., Ethical Rationalism and the Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2017), 37–53.

„Qualia, Gemütsphilosophie & Methodologie; oder Wie wird aristotelische Scientia zu cartesianischer Unfehlbarkeit? Zum heutigen Widerstreit des Naturalismus und Cartesianismus“. Zeitschrift für philosohische Forschung 71,4 (2017):457–494.

‘How Kant Justifies Freedom of Agency without Transcendental Idealism’. European Journal of Philosophy 25.4 (2017):1695–1717; doi: 10.1111/ejop.12264.

‘Back to the 3 R’s: Rights, Responsibilities & Reasoning’. SATS – Northern European Journal of Philosophy 17.1 (2016):21–60; doi: 10.1515/sats-2016-0008.

‘Kant, Aristotle & our Fidelity to Reason’. In: S. Baiasu and R. Demirey, guest eds., ‘The ethical and the juridical in Kant’, special issue of Studi Kantiani 29 (2016):83–102.

„Hegel, Naturrecht und Moralkonstruktivismus“. Jahrbuch für Recht und Ethik/Annual Review of Law and Ethics 26 (2016):451–483.

„Rousseaus Umbau des Naturrechts in Du contrat social“. In: M. Kaufmann and J. Renzikowski, Hgg., Freiheit als Rechtsbegriff (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2016), 213–226.

‘Mind, Language & Behaviour: Kant’s Critical Cautions contra Contemporary Internalism & Causal Naturalism’. In: Saffet Babür, ed., Felsefede Yöntem/Method in Philosophy, special issue of Yeditepe’de Felsefe/Philosophy at Yeditepe 10 (İstanbul: Yeditepe ÜP, 2016), 102–149.

‘Conventionalism & the Impoverishment of the Space of Reasons: Carnap, Quine & Sellars’. Journal for the History of Analytic Philosophy 3.8 (2015):1–66;; doi: 10.15173/ jhap.v3i8.42.

‘Causal Realism & the Limits of Empiricism: Some Unexpected Insights from Hegel’. HOPOS: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5.2 (2015):281–317.