ZOOM Colloq: Pascale Roure (Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Germany): Logical Empiricism in Turkish Exile. Hans Reichenbach's Research and Teaching Activities at Istanbul University (1933-1938)
Logical Empiricism in Turkish Exile. Hans Reichenbach's Research and Teaching Activities at Istanbul University (1933-1938)
ABSTRACT: The purpose of my talk is to shed new light on a less known stage in the development of Hans Reichenbach's thought, namely his research, output and teaching activities at the University of Istanbul (1933–1938). I argue here that the experience of Turkish exile was decisive in the development of Reichenbach's philosophical views, as presented in his work written in Istanbul, Experience and Prediction. I therefore suggest a new reading of this book, based on the study of its Turkish context of elaboration and reception. To this end, I will take in consideration not only Reichenbach's efforts to popularize and extend the program of scientific philosophy in Turkey and other European countries in the 1930's, but also the Turkish lectures and the work of Reichenbach's students at the University of Istanbul. By studying these two faces of the Turkish reception of Logical Empiricism and by highlighting the specificity of Reichenbach's positions, I will show that Reichenbach's impact was not limited to a unilateral transfer of knowledge, but was also an indirect contribution to the scientific development of philosophical disciplines such as psychology and sociology at the University of Istanbul.